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Is Your Octopus Furnace a Time Bomb? How to Know for Sure


Hey there, real estate investors and those looking to jump into this exhilarating field! Ever walked into an older property and found yourself face-to-face with an octopus furnace? You know, those behemoths of a bygone era, sprawling out like an eight-armed sea creature from the depths of the ocean floor.

They may look fascinating or even add a touch of vintage charm to your property, but here’s the million-dollar question: Are these octopus furnaces ticking time bombs hidden in plain sight?

If you’re in the business of real estate, especially if you’re dealing with older properties, understanding the pros and cons of these antiquated heating systems is crucial. Why? Because they could potentially impact not just your investment returns but also your peace of mind.

Stick around as we dive deep into the mysterious world of octopus furnaces. You’re about to get a comprehensive understanding of what they are, the risks they pose, and how to make an informed decision about keeping or replacing one. So, whether you’re an established investor or just taking your first baby steps, this guide is for you.

What is an Octopus Furnace?

Ah, the octopus furnace. Let’s start by turning the clock back, shall we? Picture this: It’s the early 20th century. Electricity is still a novelty, cars are slowly replacing horse-drawn carriages, and homes are warmed up using furnaces that look like they belong in a steampunk novel.

That’s right! We’re talking about octopus furnaces, those massive metal contraptions with a plethora of ducts stretching out like the arms of an octopus.

Historical Background: A Product of Its Time

Octopus furnaces, or “gravity furnaces” as they were formally called, gained prominence in the early to mid-1900s. Unlike modern furnaces, which use fans to distribute heat, octopus furnaces relied on natural convection.

Warm air rises, right? So, these furnaces were strategically placed in basements, and the heat they generated would naturally rise through the home via a series of large ducts or ‘arms,’ if you will. It was a simple yet effective solution for the chilly winters of yesteryears.

Typical Features: More Arms Than an Octopus?

Alright, I know what you’re thinking. Does it really have eight arms? Well, not necessarily. The term “octopus” is more poetic license than a literal count of ducts. However, these furnaces are instantly recognizable by their large, bulky appearance and the ducts that extend in various directions.

Made primarily of cast iron, they are built to last but come with their own set of issues, which we’ll dive into a little later.

Why So Popular in Older Homes?

You might be wondering, why did so many people go for these octopus furnaces back in the day? Well, for one, they were efficient for their time. They could heat up a house fairly well without needing any fancy electrical systems.

Second, their simple design made them relatively easy to install and maintain. And let’s not forget, there’s something oddly charming about having a piece of history sitting in your basement.

But before you get too enchanted by these historical gems, remember that their age and design come with a slew of challenges. Are they potential time bombs ready to implode your real estate investment? Hold that thought as we explore the risks and rewards of owning an octopus furnace.

So, now that we’ve untangled the basics of what an octopus furnace is, let’s dive into whether or not you should be running for the hills or embracing these antiques with open arms.

The Charm and the Risk

I still remember the first time I stumbled upon an octopus furnace. I had just closed the deal on an old, charming home built in the 1920s. My heart was pounding with excitement as I descended the creaky stairs to the basement.

And there it was—a massive, metallic beast, with its ducts stretching out like tentacles waiting to ensnare me. It was like discovering an artifact, a piece of living history right in my own property!

My First Encounter: A Mixed Bag of Emotions

As someone who loves a good tale from the past, I was initially smitten. I could almost picture a family huddled around it during a harsh winter, finding warmth and comfort in its embrace. There was something nostalgic about it, and for a moment, I even considered leaving it as-is for the unique character it added to the property.

But then reality kicked in. As a real estate investor, I had to consider the practical implications. Was this antique furnace actually safe? Would it become a liability down the line? My enthusiasm began to wane as I weighed the aesthetic allure against the potential safety hazards.

The Aesthetic Allure: A Vintage Statement or an Eyesore?

Let’s face it, octopus furnaces have a kind of old-world charm. If you’re into vintage aesthetics, this thing could be the ultimate conversation starter. Imagine giving a house tour and unveiling this retro beast; it’s like having a classic car in your garage but for heating your home. For some, it’s the very embodiment of a time when things were built to last.

But What About Safety?

Unfortunately, as enchanting as they may be, octopus furnaces come with a host of safety concerns. For starters, they lack the safety features modern heating systems come equipped with. And given their age, the risk of a mechanical failure, a gas leak, or even a fire can’t be dismissed. I mean, let’s be real—would you use a hundred-year-old stove to cook your family dinner?

Probably not. So, why gamble with something as vital as heating your home or your investment property?

In my case, the decision wasn’t easy, but the allure of nostalgia was ultimately outweighed by my responsibilities as a property owner. Safety had to come first. But does that mean it’s game over for all octopus furnaces? Not necessarily.

Are you wrestling with a similar dilemma? Keep reading as we delve into the signs that your octopus furnace might be more of a risk than a relic. We’ll help you make an informed decision, so you won’t have to learn the hard way like I did.

Signs Your Octopus Furnace Might Be a Hazard

So, you’ve got an octopus furnace in your property. While it might remind you of a time when jazz was all the rage and flapper dresses were in vogue, let’s get down to brass tacks. Is this historical gem a potential hazard? Well, here are some warning signs to watch out for. Take it from me, you don’t want to find out the hard way.

Age of the Furnace: Is It Older Than Your Grandma?

Let’s start with the most obvious factor—age. If your octopus furnace has seen more years than the majority of your tenants, it’s time for a serious evaluation. Most modern furnaces have a lifespan of around 15 to 20 years.

Now, while octopus furnaces were built like tanks, they weren’t designed to last a century. The older the system, the more likely it’s inching closer to its own kind of ‘meltdown.’

Rust and Physical Deterioration: A Beauty or a Beast?

When you take a closer look, do you see rust, cracks, or physical deterioration? If yes, consider it a big red flag. The structural integrity of an octopus furnace is paramount for safe operation. Once corrosion sets in, the risk of mechanical failure or even a gas leak skyrockets.

Weird Noises or Smells: What’s That Racket?

Ever heard strange noises or caught a whiff of an odd smell emanating from your octopus furnace? That’s it signaling for help. Unusual sounds could indicate anything from airflow issues to mechanical problems, while strange smells might be a sign of gas leaks or even worse—carbon monoxide. Either way, don’t ignore these cues.

Inconsistent Heating: Hot and Cold, Hot and Cold

Inconsistent heating is another telltale sign that your octopus furnace might be on its last legs. One room feels like a sauna while the other mimics a freezer; sound familiar? Such inconsistencies aren’t just annoying; they’re also a sign of inefficient operation, which can inflate your energy bills and put a dent in your rental income.

So, what’s the verdict? If you’ve ticked off one or more of these boxes, it’s time to consider whether your octopus furnace is more of a liability than a charming asset.

Trust me, ignoring these warning signs is like playing a game of hot potato—you don’t want to be left holding it when things go south. Ready to explore what could actually go wrong if you choose to ignore these red flags? Buckle up; we’re diving in next.

Why Are Octopus Furnaces Considered Risky?

Alright, folks, it’s time to pull back the curtain on the darker aspects of owning an octopus furnace. As a real estate investor, you can’t afford to romanticize these aging giants. You need the cold, hard facts, so let’s dive into why octopus furnaces have a dubious reputation when it comes to safety and efficiency.

Lack of Efficiency: Are You Burning Money?

First up is efficiency, or should I say, the lack of it. Octopus furnaces operate on the principle of natural convection, which sounds good in theory but is far from efficient. Modern furnaces have an Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) rating of about 90-98%, meaning they convert nearly all the fuel they consume into heat.

Octopus furnaces? They lag significantly, with some estimates suggesting they operate at around 50-60% AFUE. That’s like throwing away nearly half the fuel—or in real terms, burning a hole in your pocket.

If you’re a numbers person, let’s talk stats. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the average household spends approximately $1,300 a year on heating. Now, imagine losing up to half of that due to inefficiency. That’s a significant cost that no investor should have to swallow year after year.

Fire Hazards: Playing with Fire?

Next up is the issue we all dread—fire hazards. Due to their age and construction, octopus furnaces lack the modern safety features designed to prevent fires. With age comes wear and tear, and a slight malfunction can quickly escalate into a disastrous fire.

According to the National Fire Protection Association, heating equipment is the second-leading cause of home fires in the United States. Do you really want to roll the dice when the stakes are this high?

Environmental Concerns: What’s Your Carbon Footprint?

Lastly, let’s talk about the elephant (or should I say octopus?) in the room—environmental impact. These furnaces aren’t exactly Mother Earth’s best friend. Lower efficiency means burning more fuel, which in turn results in higher carbon emissions.

In fact, residential heating contributes to approximately 5% of the United States’ total greenhouse gas emissions. While one octopus furnace might not singlehandedly destroy the planet, every bit counts in the fight against climate change.

So, let’s sum it up. Octopus furnaces are inefficient, pose fire risks, and are environmentally unfriendly. Now that we’ve covered why they can be a ticking time bomb, let’s look at your options. Do you repair, replace, or remove? Keep reading to find out what makes the most sense for your real estate investment.

Are There Any Advantages to Keeping One?

Okay, we’ve been pretty hard on our tentacled friend, haven’t we? But let’s be fair and consider the other side of the coin. Could there be any redeeming qualities to these vintage heating systems? Let’s explore.

Nostalgia Factor: Your Own Piece of History

Let’s start with the obvious—nostalgia. There’s something intrinsically captivating about keeping a piece of the past alive. An octopus furnace can serve as a functional relic, a nod to simpler times. If you or your tenants are history buffs, the charm and character that these old systems add to a home can be a real selling point.

Think of it as a limited edition. Like an antique piece of furniture or an old painting, it provides a window into a bygone era. In a marketplace where everyone is looking for something unique, the novelty of a historic octopus furnace could actually make your property stand out. Just be sure to attach a disclaimer about its age and quirks!

Robust Build for Its Time: The Cast Iron Giant

One thing’s for sure, they don’t make ’em like they used to. Built primarily from cast iron, octopus furnaces were engineered to last. Yes, they lack the bells and whistles of modern systems, but if maintained well, they can be surprisingly resilient.

The key here is “if maintained well.” Regular inspections, lubricating moving parts, and promptly addressing any signs of wear and tear can keep your octopus furnace running far longer than you’d expect for an appliance of its age. So, if you’re the kind of person who enjoys restoring and maintaining antiques, this could be a project that’s both challenging and rewarding.

However, even if nostalgia and build quality tug at your heartstrings, you still can’t ignore the risks we talked about earlier. So, what’s the final verdict? Well, that’s up to you and your risk tolerance. But if you’re leaning toward replacing that octopus furnace, keep reading.

Up next, we’ll look at your best replacement options and how they could actually turn out to be a sound financial decision. Ready to find out more?

The Anatomy of an Octopus Furnace Meltdown

Picture this: You’re the captain of a ship, and the octopus furnace is like a slumbering sea monster deep in the bowels of your vessel. It’s been quiet, undisturbed for years, a seemingly inert mass of tentacles and metal.

Then, suddenly, it awakens. Its tentacles flail, steam hisses, and before you know it, you’ve got a full-blown Kraken on your hands, threatening to pull your ship—ahem, investment property—into the abyss.

Vivid enough? Let’s bring this analogy back to dry land and look at what can go wrong with real-life examples.

The Story of a Midnight Disaster

I heard a story from another real estate investor, let’s call him Joe, who wasn’t as lucky as some of us have been. Joe had a rental property with an octopus furnace that seemed to be working just fine. No complaints from tenants, no unusual noises, nothing. Until one cold winter night, he received a frantic call at midnight. The furnace had malfunctioned, and there was smoke billowing from the vents.

Thankfully, no one was injured, but the damage to the property was significant. Not only did Joe have to replace the entire heating system, but he also had to deal with insurance claims, temporary accommodations for his tenants, and extensive repairs to the damaged areas of the home. Talk about a landlord’s worst nightmare!

The House That Smelled Like a Barbecue Pit

Then there’s the case of Sarah, a fellow investor who noticed a persistent burnt smell in her property. Initially dismissing it as perhaps some overly enthusiastic tenant’s cooking adventures, she eventually realized the smell was coming from the octopus furnace.

On inspection, it turned out that years of accumulated dust and debris in the ducts had ignited. It was a small fire, but enough to spread an acrid smell throughout the house and put everyone at risk.

In both instances, the octopus furnace had turned from a benign, charming piece of history into a dangerous liability. They were lucky that the consequences weren’t more severe, but it was a wake-up call to everyone involved.

So, what’s the moral of these stories? Even if your octopus furnace seems quiet and tame, it could be a sleeping Kraken that wakes up when you least expect it. Are you prepared to take that gamble? If not, let’s take a look at the safest and most efficient ways to replace your octopus furnace.

Financial Implications: The Dollars and Cents of the Octopus Furnace Dilemma

Now that we’ve painted a pretty vivid picture of what can go wrong, let’s talk about what it could cost you. Because let’s be real—whether you’re a seasoned real estate investor or just dipping your toes in the water, the bottom line matters. So, how does keeping, repairing, or replacing an octopus furnace affect your finances?

Cost of Potential Repairs: Patching Up the Beast

Repairing an octopus furnace is a bit like maintaining an old car. Sure, it’s possible, but as the system ages, repairs can become more frequent and more expensive. A quick fix might set you back a few hundred dollars, but a major repair could easily run into the thousands. And remember, finding parts or experts skilled in repairing these aging systems can be a hassle, which often translates to higher labor costs.

Replacement Costs: Out with the Old, In with the New

Now, if you decide to replace the furnace altogether, you’re looking at an investment that could range from $2,500 to $7,500, depending on the type and efficiency of the new system. However, there’s a silver lining.

Newer systems come with better efficiency, warranties, and potentially even tax credits or rebates. Plus, they can be a strong selling point for future tenants or buyers who’ll appreciate the modern, efficient heating system. So, in the long run, this might actually save you money and headaches.

Impact on Property Value: A Double-Edged Sword

Let’s also consider how an octopus furnace can impact your property value. On one hand, the vintage charm might attract certain buyers or renters. But for most, an outdated, potentially hazardous heating system is a red flag that could lead to lower offers or scare off potential tenants.

A modern, efficient heating system, on the other hand, can significantly increase your property value. According to a study by the National Association of Realtors, energy-efficient features can boost a home’s market value by up to 9%. Now, who wouldn’t want a piece of that pie?

So, before you decide to let that octopus furnace keep slumbering in the basement, take a moment to weigh the financial pros and cons. Could it be that replacing the old sea monster with a shiny new model is the best way to set a course for smooth financial sailing? Stay with me; we’re about to explore your best replacement options next.

The Safe Route: How to Deal With a Risky Octopus Furnace

Alright, so we’ve laid it all out on the table—the good, the bad, and the potentially ugly. If you’ve made it this far, you’re probably thinking, “Okay, enough with the scare tactics! What’s the solution?” Don’t worry, you’re about to get some actionable advice on how to manage this eight-legged issue safely.

Consult an Expert: Don’t Tackle the Beast Alone

First things first, consult an HVAC expert who has experience dealing with older heating systems. We’re talking about an appliance that has the potential to endanger lives and property; this isn’t the time for DIY fixes from YouTube. A qualified technician can perform a thorough inspection and give you a detailed report on the state of your octopus furnace.

Safety Inspection Checklist: What’s Under the Hood?

During the inspection, you should be looking out for a few key issues:

  • Age of the furnace: Older furnaces are more prone to malfunctioning.
  • Physical deterioration: Check for signs of rust, corrosion, or cracks.
  • Unusual noises: Sounds like popping, banging, or squealing could be red flags.
  • Inconsistent heating: Are all rooms heating uniformly? If not, why?
  • Gas leaks: If it’s a gas furnace, check for signs of leaks, which can be dangerous.

This checklist will provide you a clear picture of the risks involved and the kind of repairs, if any, that are needed.

Replacement Options: Out With the Old?

If your inspection reveals that it’s time to say goodbye to your octopus furnace, you’ll have several options for what to replace it with:

  • Traditional Gas Furnace: This is the most straightforward replacement. Newer models are extremely efficient and can quickly heat large spaces.
  • Heat Pumps: These are efficient and environmentally friendly, providing both heating and cooling. However, they can be more expensive to install.
  • Electric Baseboard Heaters: These could be a good option if you’re looking for something less expensive upfront, but they can cost more in the long run due to higher electricity bills.
  • Radiant Floor Heating: This is a luxurious option that heats the floor and is incredibly efficient. However, installation can be invasive and costly.
  • Boiler Systems: Like the octopus furnace, these use radiators but are far more efficient and safe. They can be fueled by natural gas, oil, or electricity.

Your choice will depend on your budget, the size and structure of your property, and your long-term investment goals.

So there you have it—a comprehensive roadmap to navigate the tricky waters of octopus furnaces. Whether you decide to maintain, repair, or replace, you’re now equipped with the knowledge to make an informed decision.

My Personal Experience: A Cautionary Tale

Okay, I’ve given you the facts, the expert advice, and even some vivid metaphors to drive the point home. But let me share a bit of my own journey with an octopus furnace to give you a more personal perspective.

I bought an older property a few years ago, complete with charming crown moldings, squeaky hardwood floors, and you guessed it—an octopus furnace. I was initially smitten by its vintage vibe. I mean, how many people can say they have a furnace that looks like something out of a steampunk novel?

The Euphoria Before the Storm

For the first few months, it was smooth sailing. The furnace was like that eccentric uncle who’s a bit out of place at family gatherings but generally harmless. But as winter set in, I noticed the heat wasn’t distributing evenly throughout the house. The living room would be toasty, but the bedrooms felt like they were part of a polar expedition.

The Sinking Feeling

The real wake-up call was a strange smell—sort of like burnt rubber mixed with old socks—that started wafting through the vents. At first, I brushed it off, attributing it to the furnace’s age. But deep down, I had this gnawing feeling that something wasn’t right.

Facing the Music

So, I did what I should’ve done from the get-go: I called in an HVAC expert who specialized in older systems. The news wasn’t good. Not only were there issues with rust and corrosion, but the wiring was also outdated and borderline hazardous.

It was a gut-punch moment, realizing that my “charming” old furnace was a liability, both to my tenants and my investment.

What I Learned

So, what did I take away from this experience?

  1. Don’t Let Aesthetics Cloud Your Judgement: Sure, old stuff can be cool, but when it comes to something as crucial as a heating system, safety and efficiency should be your guiding stars.
  2. Consult an Expert Early On: Had I done this initially, I could have avoided some sleepless nights and unnecessary stress.
  3. Budget for the Unexpected: Old properties come with surprises. Always have a contingency budget for unexpected repairs or replacements.
  4. Risk vs Reward: The risk of keeping that old octopus furnace far outweighed any aesthetic or nostalgic reward. For me, replacing it became a necessary investment in the property and my peace of mind.

So there you have it, my cautionary tale. It was an experience that educated me, made me more vigilant, and hopefully, makes your journey a bit smoother. Would I ever willingly get an octopus furnace again? Let’s just say I’ve sailed those waters, and I wouldn’t recommend them.

Are you ready to make your own informed decision about your octopus furnace? I hope this guide has shed some light on the subject for you.

Final Thoughts: Is Your Octopus Furnace Worth the Risk?

So, here we are at the crossroads. You know what an octopus furnace is, how it can be both a nostalgic charm and a potential hazard, and you’ve even journeyed with me through my own experience.

Let’s ask some hard questions: Is the nostalgia worth the potential risk to your property and safety? Are you willing to compromise on efficiency for the sake of an antique appliance? Most importantly, as an investor, are you prepared to shoulder the financial liabilities that come with it?

Key Takeaways

  1. Understand the Risks: Octopus furnaces, while aesthetically pleasing, come with a plethora of safety and efficiency concerns.
  2. Consult the Experts: Before making any decisions, it’s crucial to consult with professionals for an in-depth safety inspection.
  3. Weigh Your Options: Whether it’s repairs, replacements, or a complete system overhaul, you have choices. Make them wisely.
  4. Financial Impact: Keep an eye on how your decisions could affect not only your wallet but also the value of your investment property.
  5. Personal Experience Matters: Don’t overlook the insights gained from those who’ve dealt with these systems. A little wisdom can go a long way.

Your Next Steps: Charting the Course

  1. Get an Inspection: If you haven’t done so already, schedule an inspection with an HVAC professional experienced in older systems.
  2. Run the Numbers: Crunch the figures to see what repairing, maintaining, or replacing the furnace will cost you in both the short and long term.
  3. Consult with Tenants or Potential Buyers: If you’re an investor, it’s also important to gauge how the furnace impacts the liveability and attractiveness of your property.
  4. Make an Informed Decision: Using all the information at your disposal, make a decision that aligns with your investment goals, property needs, and most importantly, ensures everyone’s safety.

So, what’s it going to be? Will you keep feeding the octopus or is it time for something new? Whatever your choice, make sure it’s an informed one. And remember, when it comes to real estate investing, it’s always better to be safe than sorry.


Wow, we’ve covered a lot of ground, haven’t we? From diving into the history and charm of octopus furnaces to exploring the risks, and even taking a personal detour through my own experience, it’s been quite the journey.

Why This Matters

Remember, we started with a seemingly innocent question: Is your octopus furnace a time bomb? Now you know that the answer isn’t as straightforward as yes or no. These furnaces come with their unique set of pros and cons, but as potential or existing real estate investors, the emphasis must be on safety and efficiency. No amount of retro charm can compensate for the risks involved.

Be Proactive, Not Reactive

If you walk away with one takeaway, let it be this: Be proactive. Don’t wait for the octopus to show its tentacles in the form of a fire hazard or massive heating bill. Get ahead of the problem with a thorough inspection and make an informed decision on whether to repair, maintain, or replace.

Your Journey Doesn’t End Here

And hey, this isn’t the end. Consider this article as your diving board into the deeper waters of real estate investment. Whether you’re a seasoned investor or a newbie looking for your first big break, knowing the ins and outs of things like octopus furnaces can be invaluable.

So, equipped with this newfound knowledge, are you ready to make your next move? The ball’s in your court. Remember, in real estate investment, knowledge is not just power—it’s safety, efficiency, and profitability.

Take the plunge, but do it with both eyes wide open. Safe investing, my friends!


What is an Octopus Furnace?

An octopus furnace is an older type of heating system that was common in homes built before the mid-20th century. These furnaces are usually large, with a central furnace body and multiple ducts resembling tentacles, which is how they got their “octopus” nickname. They are gravity furnaces, meaning they rely on natural airflow instead of forced air to distribute heat.

Are Octopus Furnaces Safe?

Safety concerns with octopus furnaces often arise due to their age, outdated wiring, and possible rust or corrosion. While they may have been efficient and safe in their prime, years of wear and tear can turn them into potential hazards. If you have one, it’s strongly recommended to get it inspected by a professional for any safety issues.

What are the 3 Types of Gas Furnaces?

The three main types of gas furnaces are:

  1. Single-Stage Furnace: Operates at full blast, providing maximum heat output regardless of the temperature outside.
  2. Two-Stage Furnace: Operates at different levels, usually at a lower setting for milder days and a higher setting for colder days.
  3. Modulating Furnace: Offers the most precise temperature control by continuously adjusting the flame and heat output.

What is a Gravity Furnace?

A gravity furnace is an older type of heating system that relies on natural convection to circulate warm air throughout a home. These furnaces lack blowers, and warm air rises naturally through the ducts while cooler air sinks and returns to the furnace to be reheated. Octopus furnaces are a type of gravity furnace.

What is the History of the Octopus Furnace?

Octopus furnaces gained popularity in the early 20th century. They were considered state-of-the-art during their time and were commonly installed in many American homes. With the advent of more efficient, safer, and compact heating systems, their popularity has waned, but they can still be found in older homes.

What is the Old Furnace that Looks Like an Octopus?

The old furnace that looks like an octopus is, in fact, the octopus furnace itself. Its design includes a central heating unit with multiple ducts branching out like tentacles, thus earning it the “octopus” moniker.

What is the Safest Type of Furnace?

The safest type of furnace would be a modern, energy-efficient model that meets all current safety standards. Look for furnaces with safety features like overheat protection, a sealed combustion chamber, and a certified safety rating.

Octopus Furnace Price

The price of an octopus furnace varies greatly based on its condition, age, and whether it’s a functioning antique or just the furnace body. However, they are generally not sold as new units anymore. If you’re looking at replacing an existing octopus furnace, a modern furnace can cost anywhere between $2,000 and $8,000, including installation.

Octopus Furnace Removal Cost

The cost to remove an octopus furnace can vary depending on the size of the furnace, the complexity of the removal process, and your location. On average, you can expect to pay between $500 and $1,500 for removal and disposal, although costs can be higher if asbestos abatement is required.

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